Causes of Water Erosion
Water erosion comes in several different forms with various causes. No matter the differences, we humans can have a large impact on our water quality and erosion rates. While the causes of erosion by water are generally natural, we can play a large role in reducing water erosion, and preventing water pollution. Water erosion is usually caused by rainfall and runoff on a slope, and the magnitude of water erosion depends on the type of soil. See our 7 simple water pollution solutions.
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Types of Erosion by Water:
- Splash Erosion: Small soil particles are detached and sent airborne through the impact of raindrops on soil.
- Sheet Erosion: Raindrops break apart the soil structure and it's moved downslope by water that flows overland as a sheet rather than definitive channels. This occurs frequently during cloud bursts.
- Rill Erosion: This process develops small, short-lived, concentrated flow paths. These paths creates a sediment source and delivery system for hillslope erosion. Areas where precipitation rates exceed soil infiltration rates are more prone to this type of erosion.
- Gully Erosion: Water flows in narrow channels during or directly following heavy rains or melting snow. The gullies can erode to considerable depths.
- Valley or Stream Erosion: Continual water flow alongside land (along a linear feature) creates this type of erosion. It extends downward, deepening a valley, and headward, extending the valley into the hillside. This occurs most frequently in times of flooding.
- Bank Erosion: Over time, banks of rivers and streams are naturally worn down.
Water Erosion Control:
The greatest way to restore eroded land is very simple: Vegetation. Plants grow and colonize creating deep root systems protecting the soil from water in its various forms. As simple as the solution is, a little help never hurts. Coir is natural coconut fiber that will protect the soil while the plants grow. Woven geotextiles and non-woven geotextiles separate soils, filter water, and reinforce the ground. View all of our erosion control products below.
Erosion Control Products:
Silt Fence: W100
Non Woven Geotextiles:
Natural Fiber Products:
View all Erosion Control Products
Become an Erosion Control "Expert"!
Don't let your knowledge erode! Soak up the ins and out of erosion control and the geotextile products used.
Brush Up on the Types of Erosion:
Learn About the Causes and Solutions:
Master the Specifics of Geotextiles:
Geotextile Fabric Overview • Geotextile Material Selection • Geotextile Application • Geotextile Types • Skit Film • Geotextile Functions • Geotextile Testing • Geotextile Comparison • Geotextile Installation • Geotextile Certification • Geotextile DOT Information • Geotextile AASHTO Information • Geotextile Fabric for Dirt Roads