Causes of Water Erosion

The Main Types of Water Erosion and How to Prevent Them

water erosion, erosion by water, water erosion control, rainwater erosion controlWater erosion is usually caused by rainfall and runoff on a slope. The magnitude of water erosion depends on many factors, including the type of soil, the steepness of the slope, and the amount of vegetation in the area. Water erosion comes in several different forms with various causes. We humans can have a large impact on our water quality and erosion rates. While the causes of erosion by water are generally natural, we can play a large role in reducing water erosion and preventing water pollution. Want to know more? See our 7 simple water pollution solutions.


Want to know how to prevent water erosion? We can help! Call us at 1-772-646-0597

Main Types of Water Erosion Explained

  • Splash Erosion: Small soil particles are detached and sent airborne through the impact of raindrops on soil.
  • Sheet Erosion: Raindrops break apart the soil structure and it's moved downslope by water that flows overland as a sheet rather than definitive channels. This occurs frequently during cloud bursts.
  • Rill Erosion: This process develops small, short-lived, concentrated flow paths. These paths creates a sediment source and delivery system for hillslope erosion. Areas where precipitation rates exceed soil infiltration rates are more prone to this type of erosion.
  • Gully Erosion: Water flows in narrow channels during or directly following heavy rains or melting snow. The gullies can erode to considerable depths.
  • Valley or Stream Erosion: Continual water flow alongside land (along a linear feature) creates this type of erosion. It extends downward, deepening a valley, and headward, extending the valley into the hillside. This occurs most frequently in times of flooding.
  • Bank Erosion: Over time, banks of rivers and streams are naturally worn down.

How to Control Water Erosion

The best way to control water erosion and restore eroded land is with vegetation. Plants grow and colonize creating deep root systems protecting the soil from water in its various forms. As simple as the solution is, a little help never hurts. Coir is natural coconut fiber that will protect the soil while the plants grow. Woven geotextiles and non-woven geotextiles separate soils, filter water, and reinforce the ground. View all of our erosion control products below.

Erosion Control Products

Erosion control products help to stabilize, reinforce, and restore eroded soil. They are perfect for slopes, hillsides, riverbanks, and channels where sediment erosion is rampant. Erosion control products include woven geotextiles, nonwoven geotextiles, and biodegradable coir products. Natural coir fiber erosion control products help to enrich the surrounding area, allowing vegetation to grow and control soil erosion and the effects of water erosion into the future.


Do you need erosion control products? We can help! Call us at 1-772-646-0597

Woven Geotextiles

Silt Fence: W100

Stabilization and Separation: LM200W200W250W300W315

Erosion Control: M404M706

Non Woven Geotextiles

Drainage and Filtration: GT131GT135GT140GT142GT160GT170

Separation and Underlayment: GT180GT110GT112GT116

Asphalt Overlay: GC130GC140

Environmental Applications: GE110GE116GE140GE160GE170GE180

Natural Fiber Products

Erosion Control - Sediment Control: Coir WattlesSoil Erosion Control Blankets and Mats

Soil Bio-Engineering: Coir Logs

View all Erosion Control Products.

To Learn more about soil erosion and control products, visit our page on the causes of soil erosion as well as our woven geo textile and non woven fabric web pages.

soil erosion, soil erosion prevention nonwoven geotextile soil erosion, soil erosion prevention

Become an Erosion Control "Expert"!

Don't let your knowledge erode! Soak up the ins and out of erosion control and the geotextile products used.

Brush Up on the Types of Erosion:

Beach ErosionCoastal Erosion Soil ErosionWater Erosion
Wind ErosionRiver Bank ErosionWeathering and Erosion

Learn About the Causes and Solutions:

Causes of Soil ErosionWays to Prevent Soil ErosionRiver Bank ProtectionErosion Control NettingErosion Control Woven GeotextileErosion Control Non Woven Fabric

Master the Specifics of Geotextiles:

Geotextile Fabric OverviewGeotextile Material SelectionGeotextile ApplicationGeotextile TypesSkit FilmGeotextile FunctionsGeotextile TestingGeotextile ComparisonGeotextile InstallationGeotextile CertificationGeotextile DOT InformationGeotextile AASHTO InformationGeotextile Fabric for Dirt Roads