Causes of Water Erosion
The Main Types of Water Erosion and How to Prevent Them
Water erosion is usually caused by rainfall and runoff on a slope. The magnitude of water erosion depends on many factors, including the type of soil, the steepness of the slope, and the amount of vegetation in the area. Water erosion comes in several different forms with various causes. We humans can have a large impact on our water quality and erosion rates. While the causes of erosion by water are generally natural, we can play a large role in reducing water erosion and preventing water pollution. Want to know more? See our 7 simple water pollution solutions.
Want to know how to prevent water erosion? We can help! Call us at 1-772-646-0597
Main Types of Water Erosion Explained
- Splash Erosion: Small soil particles are detached and sent airborne through the impact of raindrops on soil.
- Sheet Erosion: Raindrops break apart the soil structure and it's moved downslope by water that flows overland as a sheet rather than definitive channels. This occurs frequently during cloud bursts.
- Rill Erosion: This process develops small, short-lived, concentrated flow paths. These paths creates a sediment source and delivery system for hillslope erosion. Areas where precipitation rates exceed soil infiltration rates are more prone to this type of erosion.
- Gully Erosion: Water flows in narrow channels during or directly following heavy rains or melting snow. The gullies can erode to considerable depths.
- Valley or Stream Erosion: Continual water flow alongside land (along a linear feature) creates this type of erosion. It extends downward, deepening a valley, and headward, extending the valley into the hillside. This occurs most frequently in times of flooding.
- Bank Erosion: Over time, banks of rivers and streams are naturally worn down.
How to Control Water Erosion
The best way to control water erosion and restore eroded land is with vegetation. Plants grow and colonize creating deep root systems protecting the soil from water in its various forms. As simple as the solution is, a little help never hurts. Coir is natural coconut fiber that will protect the soil while the plants grow. Woven geotextiles and non-woven geotextiles separate soils, filter water, and reinforce the ground. View all of our erosion control products below.
Erosion Control Products
Erosion control products help to stabilize, reinforce, and restore eroded soil. They are perfect for slopes, hillsides, riverbanks, and channels where sediment erosion is rampant. Erosion control products include woven geotextiles, nonwoven geotextiles, and biodegradable coir products. Natural coir fiber erosion control products help to enrich the surrounding area, allowing vegetation to grow and control soil erosion and the effects of water erosion into the future.
Do you need erosion control products? We can help! Call us at 1-772-646-0597
Silt Fence: W100
Non Woven Geotextiles
Natural Fiber Products
Soil Bio-Engineering: Coir Logs
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