Soil Erosion Main Causes and Prevention Products
Soil erosion is the transport of soil and sediment by gravity, wind, water, ice, and even living organisms. Erosion control products for soil are great for soil stabilization and providing a firm foundation for vegetation to grow. Establishing additional soil, rip rap, sea walls, or other erosion control products will help to mitigate the effects of soil erosion as well. Soil erosion can be caused by many factors including forest fires, slumping, surface creep, and mast wasting. To learn more about the main causes of soil erosion read below.
Soil Erosion Control Main Causes and Types
- Mass Wasting: Gravity will naturally create down-slope movement of soil and sediments. Various factors (water, wind, human impact) speed up this process as they move materials from higher to lower elevations.
- Surface Creep: Similar to mass wasting, gravity will slowly move the surface soil. This process goes generally unnoticed unless tracked. Wind factors will increase the erosion.
- Slumping: Steep hillsides on distinct fracture zones are prone to this type of erosion. When materials, like clay, are released they move down the hill quickly. Slumping creates isostatic depressions.
- Forest Fires: Wildfires burn vegetation and expose soil to the elements. Left unaddressed, significant soil loss occurs, even leading to mudslides in major rainfall events. Post-fire erosion control efforts are recommended by the US Forest Service as an effective prevention tool.
See our 7 Simple Water Pollution Solutions.
Soil Erosion Control Products
|Soil Erosion Control Mats|
Another common soil erosion control option is one of our erosion control mats. These soil erosion control mats are typically made from either a coconut coir fiber, straw, or wood fiber material that helps to stabilize the soil while naturally biodegrading over time.
|Erosion Control Geotextiles|
Geotextiles are used to help with filtration, stabilization, separation, and erosion control applications. They are often placed under riprap, sea walls and other locations where a firm and reliable foundation is needed. Erosion Control Geotextile options include:
Soil Erosion Control Mat with Natural or Synthetic Fibers
Choosing the right erosion control matting option can depend on your application, your location, and your specific site requirements. Products will generally fall in the category of either natural fiber or synthetic fiber.
- Natural Fibers: The natural fiber products, such as coir matting, straw blankets, coir logs, and coir wattles, are typically used in areas looking to establish vegetation. These natural products provide temporary stabilization that will biodegrade over a period of time. This time is long enough for plants to take root.
- Synthetic Fibers: Synthetic fibers, by contrast, are often used in locations looking for a long term erosion control solution. This can include underneath rip rap, seawalls, or other products that will require long-term stability.
Soil Erosion Control Information
When soil erosion occurs, not only will the land look less than appealing, but it also loses valuable nutrients. The ideal solution to prevent erosion is to plant vegetation. The new plants will colonize and stabilize the ground with their root systems. Using erosion control coir products made with natural coconut fiber, woven geotextiles, and can greatly improve the speed, quality, and longevity of the vegetation and erosion prevention measures.