Causes of Soil Erosion

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Soil Erosion Causes

causes of soil erosion, effects of soil erosion Although soil erosion is a natural occurrence on all land, there are certain factors that call accelerate erosion making it more noticeable and problematic. While there are many different factors that can cause soil erosion, most can be broken down into two main categories:

  1. Erosion by Water
  2. Erosion by Wind

Looking for something to help prevent soil erosion? Check out our Soil Erosion Products or give our team a call at (+1) 772-646-0597 or toll free at 888-703-9889.

 

Erosion by Water

Factors & Causes of Soil Erosion

  • Rainfall Intensity and Runoff: The impact of raindrops will break up the soil and water build-up will create runoff, taking sediment with it.

  • Soil Erodibility: Based on the characteristics of each unique soil, it is more or less susceptible to erosion. Recurring erosion is more typical for soil in areas that have experienced erosion in the past.

  • Slope Gradient and Length: The steeper the slope, the greater amount of soil can be lost. As the soil erodes downward, it increases the slope degree, which in turn, creates further erosion.

  • Vegetation: Vegetative cover of plants or crop residues protect the soil from raindrop impact and splash. The less vegetation cover, the more erosion can occur.

Effects of Soil Erosion

The loss of natural nutrients and possible fertilizers directly affect crop emergence, growth, and yield. Seeds can be disturbed or removed and pesticides can be carried off. The soil quality, structure, stability, and texture are also affected, which in turn affect the holding capacity of the soil.

What is not often seen are the "off-site" effects. Eroded soil can inhibit the growth of seeds, bury seedlings, contribute to road damage, and even contaminate water sources and recreational areas.

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Erosion by Wind

Factors & Causes of Soil Erosion

  • Erodability of Soil: The finest particles are transported by the wind, while the heavier particles are blown across the surface causing abrasion.

  • Soil Surface Roughness: Soil surfaces that are not rough offer little resistance to wind erosion. Excess tillage can contribute to the breakdown of soil.

  • Climate: Soil moisture levels at the surface can become extremely low in times of drought, increasing particles to be carried by the wind. Conversely, this effect can occur in freezing climates as well.

  • Un-Sheltered Distance: The lack of windbreaks allows wind to transport particles a farther distance, increasing abrasion and erosion.

  • Vegetative Cover: Lack of permanent vegetation creates loose, dry, and barren soil that is perfect for wind transport.


Effects of Soil Erosion

Crops can be completely ruined, resulting in delay and reseeding, which is costly. Plants could become sandblasted resulting in a decreased yield. Soil drifting depletes fertility and continual drifting can change the texture of soil.

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estimate request Call our Granite Environmental team at (+1) 772-646-0597 or toll free at (888) 703-9889 with any questions.


Products to Help with Soil Erosion

With the help of products like coir mats, woven geotextiles, and non-woven geotextiles to assist in the growth of vegetation, the problem itself can erode away.

Woven Geotextiles

wire back silt fenceWoven Geotextiles are typically classified as one of our strongest available options for soil and erosion control. Woven fabrics are typically classified by their grab tensile strength and are used to help with erosion under rip rap, roads, and pavement.


Non Woven Geotextiles

Non Woven Geotextiles, by contrast, are a drainage and filtration fabric commonly used around construction sites, ditches, pipes and other areas dealing with runoff.


Natural Fiber Products

Natural Fiber Products are one of the most environmentally friendly options for controlling soil erosion and stabilizing locations. Often made from coconut coir, straw or wood fiber, these products stabilize areas, enhance vegetative growth, and naturally biodegrade.

soil erosion, soil erosion preventionErosion Control - Sediment Control:

Soil Bio-Engineering:

View all Erosion Control Products


estimate request Call our Granite Environmental team at (+1) 772-646-0597 or toll free at (888) 703-9889 with any questions about products for the causes of soil erosion.

 

Master the Specifics of Geotextiles:

 

Products for Erosion- See how these products can be implemented to help with various erosion problems around the world.

Learn About the Causes and Solutions:



Questions? Our Granite Environmental sales team would be happy to support you.

Call (+1) 772-646-0597 or toll free at (888) 703-9889 to discuss the causes of soil erosion or click on the chat button below for immediate response within our office hours (mon - fri, 8 am - 5 pm EST).

 

 

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